Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. A joint is the area where two bones meet. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.
Arthritis involves the breakdown of cartilage. Cartilage normally protects a joint, allowing it to move smoothly. Cartilage also absorbs shock when pressure is placed on the joint, such as when you walk. Without the normal amount of cartilage, the bones rub together, causing pain, swelling (inflammation), and stiffness.
Joint inflammation may result from:
- An autoimmune disease (the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue)
- Broken bone
- General “wear and tear” on joints
- Infection, usually by bacteria or virus
Usually the joint inflammation goes away after the cause goes away or is treated. Sometimes it does not. When this happens, you have chronic arthritis.
Arthritis may occur in men or women. Osteoarthritis is the most common type.
Other, more common types of arthritis include:
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Gonococcal Arthritis
- Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (in children)
- Other bacterial infections (nongonococcal bacterial arthritis)
- Psoriatic Arthritis
- Reactive arthritis ( Reiter syndrome)
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (in adults)
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus(SLE)
Arthritis causes joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement. Symptoms can includes:
- Joint pain
- Joint Swelling
- Reduced ability to move the joint
- Redness of the skin around a joint
- Stiffness, especially in the morning
- Warmth around a joint
Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent joint damage. If you have a family history of arthritis, tell your doctor, even if you do not have joint pain.
Avoiding excessive, repeated motions may help protect you against osteoarthritis.
Physical therapy involving exercises that help strengthen the muscles around the affected joint is a core component of arthritis treatment. Weight loss and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the symptoms in those that have osteoarthritis, and they are also effective in reducing the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
Every patient of arthritis has different types of pain and accompanied symptoms. Homoeopathic Medicines will also change accordingly.
Some of the medicines commonly thought of for pains /arthiritis are:
Aconite, Belladona, Bryonia, Ledum Pal, Apis, Silicea, Rhustox, Ruta, Kali Bich, Arnica, Ferrum Met.
We will just go through some of the commonly used medicines.
- Aconite: Pains, restlessness with fear of some grave disease he will suffer from.
- Arnica : For pains which are due to mechanical injuries, fractures, contusions, bruised feeling as if beaten, traumatic affection of muscles. Everything on which he lies down is too hard.
- Bryonia : Stitching pain, tearing pain worse at night. pains increase by motion and better by absolute rest and lying on the painful side.
- Rhustox : Pains as if sprained, as if muscle or tendon torn away from attachment. Bones are like scraped by knife. Paralytic feeling, stiffness on rest and better by activity.
- Kali bich : Rheumatic Complaints along with gastric pain. Pain in spots shifting from one part to other.
- Ledum Pal : Rheumatic Pains in lower limb and pain moving upwards.Throbbing pain- more by motion ,warmth and better by cold application.