What is Insomnia?

Insomnia is a symptom, not a stand-alone diagnosis or a disease. By definition, insomnia is “difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep or both or the perception of poor quality sleep..


  • Psychological causes
  • Physical causes
  • Temporary events or factors

       Psychological Causes

  • Anxiety
  • Stress.
  • Depression

       Physical causes

  • Hormonal changes in women.
  • Medical conditions. These include allergies, arthritis, asthma, heart disease, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, and Parkinson’s disease.
  • Pain. Pain and discomfort from a medical illness or injury often interfere with sleep.
  • Genetics.

Temporary Events Or Factors

  • Adjustment sleep disorder. This form of sleeplessness is a reaction to change or stress. It may be caused by a traumatic event such as an illness or loss of a loved one, or a minor event such as a change in the weather or an argument with someone.
  • Jet lag
  • Working the night shift or long shifts
  • Medications. Insomnia can be a side effect of various medications, both prescription and over-the-counter.
  • Overuse of caffeine and alcohol.
  •  Environmental noise, extreme temperatures, or a change in a person’s surrounding environment.


  • Poor concentration and focus
  • Difficulty with memory
  • Impaired motor coordination (being uncoordinated)
  • Irritability and impaired social interaction
  • Motor vehicle accidents because of fatigued, sleep-deprived drivers
  • Stress (mental, emotional, situational, etc), 
  • Difficulty concentrating during the day